How are autoimmune diseases like OCP diagnosed in the eye?

Your eye doctor will evaluate the eye and go through a thorough medical history with you. Your doctor will evaluate your vision, use vital dyes to stain the eye to look for scarring or defects in the cornea, take a look at your eyes tear production, and evaluate for dry eye. Clinical signs are imperative in diagnosis and is confirmed via biopsy.

What are some differential diagnoses for OCP? What else could it be?

OCP can present similarly to a couple other conditions and therefore requires careful observation and a knowing eye. Some diseases that may have similar manifestations in the eye are: chemical burns, graft vs host disease, sjogrens syndrome, stevens-johnson syndrome, and sarcoid to name a few.

Can OCP affect other parts of the body?

In addition to ocular manifestations, patients may develop skin blistering or scarring. This can occur in the mouth, genitals, or even internally in the intestinal tract. The inflammation seen in OCP can occur anywhere in the body where there is healthy tissue, most commonly in mucosal linings.

What is the benefit of diagnosing pemphigoid?

OCP is a progressive disease and can ultimately lead to blindness. Early diagnosis is important in order to initiate treatment that can help preserve vision. It is important to improve quality of life for patient as well as they can experience extreme discomfort in cases of dry eye or pain from scarring.