A cataract is a condition of the eye where the natural crystalline lens becomes cloudy and foggy.
Your natural lens is located behind the iris (the colored part of your eye). When we are born, the lens is very crystal clear, but over time, it becomes more yellow or brown in color. Once the lens becomes too discolored or cloudy like in the patient below, it will need to be removed.
Cataract surgery is very simple, thanks to large advancements in surgical techniques and equipment. The entire process only takes about 10-15 minutes.
The surgeon breaks up the existing cataract into small pieces and it gets sucked out with a tiny vacuum. Then, the surgeon will insert a new, clear lens made of a plastic material. Usually this lens is close to your glasses prescription, so many times you will see amazing after cataract surgery.
Most cataracts are age related but there are some that can occur at birth or at other stages of life. If you feel like your vision is blurry or double or shadow-y, even with the best glasses or contacts, see your eye doctor. They have special equipment to identify a cataract and make specific recommendations for you.